localization theorem

localization theorem
теорема локализации

Англо-русский технический словарь.

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  • Localization of a ring — In abstract algebra, localization is a systematic method of adding multiplicative inverses to a ring. Given a ring R and a subset S , one wants to construct some ring R* and ring homomorphism from R to R* , such that the image of S consists of… …   Wikipedia

  • Localization of a category — In mathematics, localization of a category consists of adding to a category inverse morphisms for some collection of morphisms, constraining them to become isomorphisms. This is formally similar to the process of localization of a ring; it in… …   Wikipedia

  • Reeh–Schlieder theorem — The Reeh–Schlieder theorem is a result of relativistic local quantum field theory, stating that the vacuum is a cyclic vector for the field algebra of any open set in Minkowski space. It was published by Helmut Reeh and Siegfried Schlieder (1918… …   Wikipedia

  • Zariski's main theorem — In algebraic geometry, a field in mathematics, Zariski s main theorem, or Zariski s connectedness theorem, is a theorem proved by harvs|txt=yes|last=Zariski|year1=1943|year2=1949 which implies that fibers over normal points of birational… …   Wikipedia

  • Newton-Wigner localization — is a scheme for obtaining a position operator for massive relativistic quantum particles. It is known to largely conflict with the Reeh Schlieder theorem outside of a very limited scope. External links* [http://philsci… …   Wikipedia

  • Beauville–Laszlo theorem — In mathematics, the Beauville–Laszlo theorem is a result in commutative algebra and algebraic geometry that allows one to glue two sheaves over an infinitesimal neighborhood of a point on an algebraic curve. It was proved by Harvard… …   Wikipedia

  • Newton–Wigner localization — (named after Theodore Duddell Newton and Eugene Wigner) is a scheme for obtaining a position operator for massive relativistic quantum particles. It is known to largely conflict with the Reeh Schlieder theorem outside of a very limited scope. The …   Wikipedia

  • Monte Carlo localization — In robotics and sensors, Monte Carlo localization (MCL) is a Monte Carlo method to determine the position of a robot given a map of its environment based on Markov localization. It is basically an implementation of the particle filter applied to… …   Wikipedia

  • Mitchell's embedding theorem — Mitchell s embedding theorem, also known as the Freyd–Mitchell theorem, is a result stating that every abelian category admits a full and exact embedding into the category of R modules. This allows one to use element wise diagram chasing proofs… …   Wikipedia

  • Nilpotence theorem — In algebraic topology, the nilpotence theorem gives a condition for an element of the coefficient ring of a ring spectrum to be nilpotent, in terms of complex cobordism. It was conjectured by Ravenel (1984) and proved by Devinatz, Hopkins Smith… …   Wikipedia

  • Duistermaat–Heckman formula — In mathematics, the Duistermaat–Heckman formula, due to Duistermaat and Heckman (1982), states that the pushforward of the canonical (Liouville) measure on a symplectic manifold under the moment map is a piecewise polynomial measure.… …   Wikipedia


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